How to Paint Kitchen Cabinets In 7 Simple Steps

If contemporary pop culture is any indication, we are currently obsessed with the home makeover. From shows like Queer Eye to Flip or Flop to The Home Edit, there’s something about that dramatic reveal of a newly transformed fixer-upper that has us at the edge of our to-be-reupholstered seats. We eat it up—on repeat (of course we’re still watching, Netflix). But there’s always one project that satisfies the collective desire for transformation above all others: newly painted kitchen cabinets.

Just ask Queer Eye star and design expert Bobby Berk, who says it’s perhaps his favorite touch-up in a project. “You are immediately creating a change that is noticeable without having to make a major investment in both time and money,” Berk says. “And when you opt for a totally new color or one that creates more contrast, it just has this huge impact on how the room looks and feels.” Manhattan-based Paintworks & Decorating’s Ryan Ehrlich agrees. “It brings tears of happiness to our clients’ eyes.”

Ehrlich says his clients come to him for a number of reasons. “With time, cabinets can look worn and ugly,” he explains. Often, it’s simply a matter of wanting a new look that is heftier than rearranging some furniture. “Tastes and styles change,” he adds.

Maybe you’re ready to have your own reality television moment and go all Bobby Berk in your culinary space. Below is a full tutorial on how to paint your kitchen cabinets like a pro, compliments of the experts.

How much does it cost to paint kitchen cabinets?

Tackling the project yourself does pay off—literally. A professional paint job can cost as much as $2,500, according to Forbes. Doing it yourself, the publication also found, can come in as low as $200 in a small kitchen and run as high as $775. Whether you go with professional painters or opt for the DIY route, you’ve already saved a lot of money by keeping your cabinets, which can cost between $3,000 and $25,000 to replace, Forbes found. A hardware refresh or new set of hinges can also bump the cost up.

How long does it take to paint kitchen cabinets?

We’re not going to sugarcoat it: Tackling a kitchen cabinet paint job is not exactly something you can finish by noon on a Saturday. Depending on the size of your kitchen and how quickly you work, this could be finished within a weekend. A larger kitchen, however, can take six to eight days, according to Ehrlich, so plan on a few nights of eating out. Patience is the name of the game here.

Can I paint kitchen cabinets like a professional?

“Anybody can do it,” says Renae Brabham, half of the husband-wife duo behind Brabhams Cabinet Painting in Charleston, South Carolina—together they’ve completed more than 500 kitchen cabinet jobs. “However, if you try to cut corners, then you’ll end up calling professionals to step in. We’ve gotten so many of those calls, and it almost always boils down to someone getting impatient or using bad products.” In other words, if you’re gonna do it, do it right. This isn’t the time to take shortcuts.

Can I paint my cabinets without sanding?

This just might be the most heinous shortcut to take—so take our word for it and don’t cut this corner. Fresh paint adheres best to sanded surfaces, which makes for a smooth paint job (blotches scream tacky) and prevents chipping. For those who truly despise the arm workout required by sanding down two dozen cabinet doors, liquid sandpaper is an option (more on that below).

Is it better to roll or brush paint on the kitchen cabinets?

Actually, three of our experts told us that they use both. A brush is great for touching up small areas or hard-to-reach spots like those with borders or indented trim. When all of those areas have been touched up, a foam roller will be faster and allow the paint to go on smoothly. Note: Gloss paint is best applied with a brush rather than a roller, which will create a bobbly texture with this thicker paint.

How much paint is required to paint kitchen cabinets?

Typically, you will use about one gallon of paint for every 350 square feet of surface you want to paint. In nonrenovation speak, that means one gallon will cover a medium to large kitchen with over 20 cabinets. Ehrlich says that estimate can vary, depending on sheen and color choice.

Kitchen cabinet painting materials you will need:

Step 1: Examine your Cabinets

female architect looking at the picture of interior design

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Rule number one: Before you break out the roller, take a look at the condition of what you’re working with. “Any small chips or cracks to the doors can also easily be repaired with a wood filler,” Berk says. But keep in mind, not all cabinet doors and drawers are paint-worthy. If the veneer is peeling or the woodwork is warped, you might be better off buying new unfinished drawer fronts and doors to replace the beat-up ones.

Cabinet material is also an important consideration. Wood, wood laminate, veneer, fiberboard, and even metal cabinets can be repainted without difficulty. However, plastic laminate and thermofoil cabinets might require special paints and techniques that will be more conducive to paint adhesion. If in doubt, test a sample of the paint in an inconspicuous area or even remove a door and bring it into a paint store for inspection.

Step 2: Prep the Space and Gather Your Supplies

couple preparing for renovating, laying a plastic tarp over furniture

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We know, you’re eager to put paint to brush. But a little upfront prep ensures that your countertops and backsplash don’t get an unanticipated paint job of their own. Gather the supplies listed above, then get to work prepping the space. Empty the cabinets, clear the counters, and move furniture that’s in the way so you have plenty of work space. Give the room a thorough dusting to prevent particles such as pollen from settling on the wet paint. Next, cover the backsplash, counters, and floor with brown builder’s paper or plastic tarps.

Brabham recommends preparing a work area outside of the kitchen—such as a garage or basement room—with good ventilation and even a few fans. There, you can lay down plastic and set up three to four sawhorses with two-by-fours on top to hold the cabinet doors. You can also set up a nearby paint station, complete with paint, rollers, brushes, buckets, and sandpaper.

When it comes to big paint jobs, don’t forget to take safety precautions to avoid unwanted exposure to paint vapors. Keep windows and doors open, use fans to keep the air moving, and continue ventilating the area for at least three days after painting. Take breaks while painting as well.

Step 3: Remove the Doors and Hardware

woman removing kitchen hardware and cabinet door

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Yes, it’s a major time suck. And yes, you will be tempted to go rogue and skip this step. But removing the cabinet doors gives you access to all surfaces of the cabinet. So unless you are going for a bolder free-form flair, don’t cut this corner and do remove that door. Starting at one end of the kitchen (working clockwise or counterclockwise), use a drill or manual screwdriver to remove the cabinet hinges, doors, drawers, and hardware. If you’re painting only the door fronts, you do not need to remove the sides.

“Number the doors as you take them off,” Brabham advises. “Otherwise, it will be a mess because not all doors are created equal.” She suggests writing the number in the hole where the hardware was, and covering it up with a piece of tape to avoid painting over it. To avoid losing the hardware for each door, Brabham puts it on the shelf each door came from or placing each in a small bag that is labeled with the corresponding cabinet number.

Step 4: Prepare Your Surface

human hand wiping down a wooden surface with a rag and liquid sandpaper

Jovo Marjanovic / EyeEm//Getty Images

In the past, you had to clean, strip, sand, and generally break your back to prep a surface for paint. But the home improvement industry has evolved beyond soap and scrub brushes—and even sandpaper. There’s a product called M-1 Paint Gloss Remover (you can also use liquid sandpaper) that cleans and deglosses the surface. Sans sawdust. “This stuff is by no exaggeration a miracle product,” Brabham says. “Nobody sands cabinets anymore.” To use, wipe the M-1 gloss remover all over the cabinet doors—on the sides, across the top, on the back—and it will be dry in 20 minutes.

A word of warning: You never heard this from your mother, but we’re here to say, don’t clean the cabinets. “Cleaning solutions can be a huge culprit of our finest DIY horror stories,” Brabham says. If you use a TSP [trisodium phosphate] or a silicone-based cleaning product, you can get what’s called fisheye on your cabinets. “It looks just about as cringe-worthy as it sounds. This bubbly paint effect happens when the paint won’t stick, and it’s a nightmare because you have to let that dry, then sand it down, and at that point you’re lucky if you don’t have to take it to a professional.”

Step 5: Choose Your Paint and Application Tools

high angle view of green paint can in a home paint project

Alyssa Stasiukonis / EyeEm//Getty Images

You’ve gone Pinterest-happy on dream kitchen colors, and you’ve maxxed out your phone storage space with apps to help you find the perfect paint shade. But you’ve now come to your moment of reckoning. While we can’t tell you what color to choose (Berk says green kitchen cabinets are his new obsession), a word on paint type (there are two main categories, latex and oil-based paint) might help with the decision process.

Whether you choose latex or oil-based paint, know that both provide a great finish. As latex paint has improved over the years, many pros have entirely given up on oil-based paints. “We used oil the first two years we were in business and quickly nixxed it because the latex products they have these days are heads above what they used to be,” Brabham says. Latex paints dry faster, are easier to clean up (requiring just water and dish soap), and are more forgiving than oil-based paints in terms of paint application. However, they can be more susceptible to stains and do take up to three weeks to fully cure.

Oil-based paint, which is typically more expensive and less user-friendly, goes on smoother than water-based paint and tends to better hide the cabinet’s imperfections. It also shrinks less as it dries, which means that what it looks like wet is how it will look dry. “I prefer an oil-based paint for cabinetry that will be getting a lot of use, as it tends to hold up better over time,” Berk says.

Brabham recommends using the Benjamin Moore Styxx or Sherwin-Williams Extreme Bond as a primer, followed by the Sherwin-Williams Emerald urethane or Benjamin Moore Command paints—which are a hybrid of oil and urethane. “Both are extremely durable, have low VOC [volatile organic compounds], are not going to scratch, and don’t yellow like oil paint does,” she says. Pro tip: The average kitchen—about 25 doors and six drawers—requires one gallon of paint and one gallon of primer.

As for the finish, that’s one step you needn’t worry about, Brabham says. “You think about your sheen when you pick out the paint,” Brabham says. “Some are glossy, some are a more low luster finish, and others (the majority of our jobs) are semi-gloss, which offer a low luster look with a comfortable amount of protection.”

Your options for paint applicator tools include sprays, rollers, and brushes. “Spraying cabinets is going to give you the cleanest and smoothest finish hands down and is also much less time consuming than using a roller or brush,” Berk says. Though spraying can be pricey. The Graco Magnum Airless sprayer, the Apollo sprayer, or the Fuji sprayer are all great options. You could also opt for a professional-level sprayer, like the TriTech T4 sprayer, which some hardware stores offer for rent. If you’re intimidated by the idea of spraying your cabinets, rollers are always an option. Don’t forget to purchase a respirator mask to wear for protection against paint fumes.

Step 6: Apply Primer and Paint

someone painting kitchen cabinets with a spray paint machine

ljubaphoto//Getty Images

Armed with the right tools, you’re ready to put paint to the surface. Prepare the sprayer or paint bucket, and begin with your first layer of primer. Start with the backs of each door, lining them up on the two-by-fours. Let those dry, then flip them over and spray the other side. “This is the part of the process where everybody gets scared, as that first layer of primer is going to look like something a six-year-old went to town on,” Brabham says. “Don’t panic. You’re just giving your cabinet a good base, and each layer gets progressively better.”

Once the primer has dried (a process that typically takes 40 minutes per layer), repeat this process with the paint. “The best way to build up the surface is with multiple layers of thin paint rather than one thick layer that can more easily chip off,” Brabham says.

If you’re using a brush and roller, dip the brush in the paint and apply it to the surface. Work your way from the inside edges of the face frames to the outer cabinet sides and fronts (this allows you to work quickly in the less critical areas and spend more time rolling over the flat surface while it’s wet). You will then go in with a flock foam mini roller and smooth it out. Be careful not to make too many brush strokes, which will create air bubbles that will dry into bumps. This is the same process you will apply to the cabinet base in the kitchen, as you can’t spray that.

Two coats of quality paint are usually sufficient, but a third coat can’t hurt. After the first coat of paint, lightly sand all the surfaces with an extremely soft sandpaper and wipe sanding dust with a tack cloth before going on to your next coat. Allow for at least four hours between coats. “Be patient as the cabinets dry,” Brabham says. “If you go to pick up the doors and they feel a little tacky, you’re going to leave fingerprints on them and have to redo the whole paint job.” Wait at least 48 hours so the cabinets can be fully cured before being reattached to the hardware and base.

Step 7: Put It All Back Together

a man installs cabinet doors in a kitchen

AMR Image//Getty Images

Now you are ready to return everything to its proper place for the final reveal. Using the same drill or screwdriver, reattach the drawer fronts and doors to the hinges and hardware. Slide the drawers back in place.

Consider zhuzhing the newly painted cabinets with some stylish hardware. “Contrast is key when it comes to hardware,” says Berk. “For lighter cabinets, l like to go with darker hardware in black or bronze, and for darker tones I often opt for brass or nickel.” Add the bling and voilà: kitchen à la mode.

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Assistant Digital Editor

Rachel Silva, the Assistant Digital Editor at ELLE DECOR, covers design, architecture, trends, and anything to do with haute couture. She has previously written for Time, The Wall Street Journal, and Citywire.